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宁夏青铜峡市高级中学人教高中英语必修一: unit4 课件 _图文

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人教课标版 高一 必修 1
Unit 4

Warming up

How many Nature Disasters do you know?
seismic sea wave / tsunami

volcanic eruption

thunderstorm

flood

fire hurricane

earthquake

我国地震分布

Natural disasters
? volcano ? sandstorm ? drought ? flood ? fire ? hurricane ? tsunami ? earthquake

Do you know what would happen before an earthquake?

Bright lights flash in the sky

Animals are too nervous, such as cows, dogs, horses, and snakes, etc.

Predictions of an earthquake:
1) Bright lights flash in the sky; 2) The water in the well rise and fall; 3) The well walls have deep cracks with smelly gas; 4) Animals are too nervous, such as cows, pigs, horses, and snakes, etc; 5) Mice run out to look for places to hide; 6) Fish jump out of the ponds.

2008.5.12
Wenchuan Earthquake
Can you describe how terrible the earthquake was?

The city lay in ruins.

The buildings fell down.

Roads might crack.

Many people were killed or injured.

A great number of people lost their homes.

A terrible earthquake happened in India.

Tangshan, Hebei

July 28th, 1976

Reading

Do a fast reading of the passage. Join the correct parts of the sentences.

1 The chickens didn’t eat because

C they were

nervous.

2 The people didn’t worry because

E they didn’t know what the

strange events

meant.

3 Such a great number of people died because
4 Water was needed because
5 The people did not lose hope because

B the quake happened while they were sleeping.
D dams and wells were useless.
A the army came to help them.

Second reading: Structure of the text

Part

Events

Before the _____________ were earthquake happening both in the (Paragraph countryside and in the _______) city of Tangshan but
______________ them.

During the The earthquake ________ earthquake the city and _______ the (Paragraph people. _______)

Part

Events

After the Soldiers were sent to dig

earthquake out those trapped and

(Paragraph _______ the dead;

_______) _______ were built for

the homeless and

___________ was taken

to the city.

Third reading:
Part 1 Part 2 Part 3

Things

What happened

water in the well well walls

rose and fell deep cracks, smelly gas

chickens and pigs too nervous to eat

mice fish sky

ran out of, looking for places to hide jumped out
bright lights

sound water pipes

sound of planes heard even no planes
cracked and burst

Para. 2-3 Data (数据)
v ___1_/_3_ of the nation felt the earthquake.
v A huge crack that was __8kilometres long and __T3_0h_e_sme enturems bweidres csuhtoawcrtohses hdoeustsresu.ctive vvthIew_nef2_hfe__e/ia13__ccr5_thtoshtfceqotarhufrneaeibkahplereee.tolshppeqlcesoutdnuaiddkesdeeanodtlrairgwreageceirnteclyimitnytjooulrarseyetduinddreuunriitnnssg. viTnhfoernmumatbioernoafbpoeuoptltehweheoawrtehrqe ukailkleed. or injured reached more than _4_0_0_,_0_0_0_. vAll of the city’s hospitals, _7__5_%_ of its factories and buildings and _9_0_%__ of its homes were gone.

:After the earthquake

How the army helped the people in Tangshan?

☆ The army organized teams to dig out those

who were trapped and to bury those who



were trapped. Miners were rescued

from

the

coal

mines.
☆Shelters were built for survivors

whose homes had been destroyed.
☆ Fresh water was taken to the city.

Post-reading: Retell the story
____________ happened in Tang Shan. For a few days, water in the wells _____________. From the ______ of wells __________come out. Mice, chicken, pigs and even fish became ________. At 3:00 am, everything began to ______. It seemed that the world was _________. _________ of the nation ____ it. ___________ cut across the city. The city lay _______.

Two-thirds of the people _____ or ___________. Then later that afternoon, another big quake ______ Tang Shan. People began to wonder ___________________________. But all hope ____________. _______ came to help those ________. Slowly, the city began to _____________.

Discussions
What should we do to protect ourselves if an earthquake happened?

Language points
1. Imagine your home begins to shake and you must leave it right away. imagine: form a mental picture imagine + n. /pron. imagine sb. to be shake: cause to move to and fro

2. rise vi. rose, risen 上升; 升起; 上涨; 升高; 增加 raise vt. raised, raised 举起, 抬起,喂养
He _r_o_s_e_ from his chair when the door
bell rang.
Her job is _r_a_is_i_n_g_ chickens. Her temperature is still _r_is_in__g_. He _h_a_s_r_i_se_n_ in rank recently.

3. … the water pipes in some buildings cracked and _b_u_r_st_.
burst可以作动词,意为:使爆炸;使破 裂 ;突然发生,突然出现。常构成短语 burst into sth. 或burst out doing sth.,表 示“突然开始(做某事)”,如:burst into tears = burst out crying(表示“突 然哭起来”)。也可以作名词,意为: 爆炸。例如:

1. The dam burst after heavy rains. 2. In the game, children try to burst
balloons by sitting on them. 3. Claire looked as if she were about to
burst into tears. 4. Joan didn’t say anything at first and
then she burst out crying. 5. There is a burst in the water pipe.

[即学即练] 根据burst的用法,完成下列 句子。 1. Everyone in the room burst out
_l_a_u_g_h_in_g__ (laugh). 2. She found there were _b_u__rs_t_s__
(burst) in the well walls.

It seemed that the world was _a_t _a_n_ e_n_d_. Compare: at the end of by the end of in the end
at the end of 用于表示具体事物或场所 的场合,它也可以用来表示比喻意; by the end of 用于表示时间的场合, 到 ……结束的时候,用于过去完成时态; in the end 意思“最后、终于”。

1) His father will return home _a_t_t_h_e_e_n_d__o_f this year.
2) He will be a scientist _i_n_t_h_e__en__d_. 3) How many English words had you
learned _b_y__th_e__e_n_d_o_f_ last term?

4. In fifteen terrible seconds a large city lay in r_u_i_n_s_.
lie (lay, lain): to be, remain or be kept in a certain state
in ruins: severely damaged or destroyed
Compare: ruin; destroy; damage

①damage指部分“损坏”、“损害”、 “破坏”或指使用价值有所降低。它可以用 作动词, 也可以用作名词, 用作名词时常与to something 连用。
The accident did a lot of damage to his car. ②destroy 只能用作动词, 指彻底破坏, 以 致不可能修复, 常作“破坏”、“毁灭”解, 也可以指希望、计划等打破。
The earthquake destroyed almost the
whole town.

③ruin则表示破坏严重, 以致不能修复, 但这 种破坏不像destroy那样毁灭某物,而是强调 致使该物的使用价值发生了问题。用作动词 时,它作 “使毁灭”、 “使崩溃”、 “弄糟”解; 用作名词时, 它表示 “毁灭”、 “瓦解”、 “废 墟”等抽象概念。ruin也有借喻的用法。
The fire ruined the castle. The house has fallen into ruin. The company is facing ruin.

The village _la_y_ in ruins after the war. These machines have _la_i_n_ idle since the factory closed. An earthquake left the whole town i_n_r_u_i_n_s_. His career is _in__r_u_in__s_.

Everywhere they looked nearly everything was d__es_t_r_o_y_e_d_. He _r_u_in_e_d_ his girl friend’s prospects
Soft wood _d_a_m__a_g_es_easily.

5. Two-thirds of the people died or were ______in_jduurerding the earthquake.
More than 61% of the surface of the earth __is__ covered by water. Seventy percent of the workers in this factory __a_re_ young. 以百分数作为主语的,谓语动词是单数还 是负数取决于百分数后面跟的名词是可数 还是不可数的。

injure: to hurt oneself/ sb. / sth. physically
Compare: injure;
hurt;
wound
三者都可表示受伤,伤害。hurt可指对 身体上的伤害,也指对心灵造成的伤害。 wound一般指外伤,如刀伤、枪伤等, 尤其指在战争中,打斗中受伤。injure 一般是指在事故中受伤,往往意为“外 伤”。

Their criticisms _h_a_v_e_h_u__rt_ him deeply. Smoking will _i_n_ju__re_d__ his health. He was slightly _i_n_ju_r_e_d__ in the car accident. He got _w_o_u_n_d__ed__ in the fighting. What you said _h_u_r_t_ my feeling.

6. All hope was not lost. [考点] all...not = not all...意为“并不 都……”,是部分否定。当all, both及 every的合成词与not 连用时,表示部分 否定;完全否定要用no, never, nowhere, none, neither, nothing, nobody等。

[考例] 他们两个并不都来自纽约。 他们两个都不来自纽约。

7. The army organized teams to dig out those who were trapped and to bury the dead. dig out 挖掘;发现 bury: A. to place in the ground
B. to occupy (oneself) with deep concentration; absorb

The dog buried the bone in the ground. I buried myself in my studies. bury oneself in= be buried in devote oneself to= be devoted to

? What can we do to reduce the damage of earthquakes?

keys
1. Build houses along the lines where two of the earth’s plates join together;
2. Build the houses on rock than on sand. 3. Make the houses as strong as possible,
weak buildings will fall down in an earthquake.

1. Practice reading the whole text. 2. Finish off the exercise.
Learning about language.

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